Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 34 – Freehold, Leasehold and Commonhold estates

Legal English for Notaries - By Federnotizie

Freehold, Leasehold and Commonhold estates

Transcript:

Hello!

Technically speaking all land in the UK is ultimately owned by the Crown and the most that anyone else can have is called an estate in the land. “Estate in land” means the rights which a person has to control and use the land. An estate owner is often said to have ownership (proprietà) of the land but legal specialists prefer to use the term “tenure” to express the way people “hold” land.

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Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 34 – Freehold, Leasehold and Commonhold estates ultima modifica: 2022-06-15T08:30:22+02:00 da Peter Liebenberg

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 33 – Transferor, Transferee and Transmittee

Legal English for Notaries - By Federnotizie

Transferor, Transferee, Transmittee

Transcript:

Hello!

Transferor, Transferee and Transmittee are important words when speaking about the shares owned in a company. Make sure that the difference is clear to you.

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Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 33 – Transferor, Transferee and Transmittee ultima modifica: 2022-06-01T08:30:31+02:00 da Peter Liebenberg

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 32 – Tax evasion, tax mitigation and tax avoidance

Legal English for Notaries - By Federnotizie

Tax evasion, tax mitigation and tax avoidance

Transcript:

Hello!

Today we look at the differences in meaning of tax evasion, tax mitigation, and tax avoidance.

Tax Evasion is an illegal way of escaping (sottrarsi al) tax payment. It is the deliberate hiding (occultamento) or non declaration of information from the tax authority. It is unlawful and usually a criminal offense (reato) in most jurisdictions. The verb is “to evade taxes” and it has a criminal connotation.

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Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 32 – Tax evasion, tax mitigation and tax avoidance ultima modifica: 2022-05-18T11:18:10+02:00 da Peter Liebenberg

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 31 – Numbers

Legal English for Notaries - By Federnotizie

Numbers

Transcript:

Hello!

Let’s look at some ways to deal with numbers in English.

Writing numbers:

  • Numbers from 1 to 10 are often written as words, e.g.: three people; seven files;
  • Numbers from 11 on are almost always written al numbers, e.g.: 27 clients; 350 members.

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Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 31 – Numbers ultima modifica: 2022-05-04T08:30:23+02:00 da Peter Liebenberg

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 30 – Ordinary resolutions vs special resolutions

Legal English for Notaries - By Federnotizie

Ordinary resolutions vs special resolutions

Transcript:

Hello!

When companies hold general meetings, they pass resolutions (approvare delibere). Remember, companies can hold two types of general meetings: The Annual General Meeting once a year, while any other general meeting for urgent business is called an Extraordinary General Meeting (See Peter’s Pills 29). There can be two types of resolutions passed at any general meeting: ordinary resolutions or special resolutions.

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Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 30 – Ordinary resolutions vs special resolutions ultima modifica: 2022-04-20T08:30:36+02:00 da Peter Liebenberg

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 29 – AGM vs EGM

Legal English for Notaries - By Federnotizie

AGM vs EGM

Transcript:

There are two types of General Meetings that companies have. Students of Legal English should take great care with these two concepts as they may be very different from meetings in your jurisdiction. Continua a leggere

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 29 – AGM vs EGM ultima modifica: 2022-04-06T08:30:28+02:00 da Peter Liebenberg

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 28 – A going concern

Legal English for Notaries - By Federnotizie

A going concern

Transcript:

Hello!

In Company Law we use the expression “a going concern” to refer to a business entity (entità imprenditoriale) that we believe will continue to operate into the foreseeable future without the need for intervention of the court or of management to liquidate the entity or to significantly reduce its operational activities.

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Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 28 – A going concern ultima modifica: 2022-03-23T08:30:41+01:00 da Peter Liebenberg

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 27 – Collocations: Violate, breach, break, disobey and infringe

Legal English for Notaries - By Federnotizie

Collocations: Violate, breach, break, disobey and infringe

Transcript:

Hello! Today we look at some useful collocations for Legal English.

Collocation is a set of generally two, but sometimes three words used together to sound natural and correct in English. If you don’t use the right words together your English will sound incorrect and wrong. Continua a leggere

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 27 – Collocations: Violate, breach, break, disobey and infringe ultima modifica: 2022-03-09T08:30:04+01:00 da Peter Liebenberg

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 26 – Company meeting words

Legal English for Notaries - By Federnotizie

Company meeting words

Transcript:

Hello!

Today we will have a test of company meeting words. In order to this mini test, you will have to stop the video and get a pen and paper to write down your answers. Stop the video now and get ready with your pen and paper. If you are ready, start the company meeting multiple choice test now.

Test

1. What do we call a proposal that someone would like to discuss at a company meeting?

(A) A motion
(B) An emotion
(C) A resolution
(D) A movement
(E) A and C
(F) C and D

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Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 26 – Company meeting words ultima modifica: 2022-02-23T08:30:12+01:00 da Peter Liebenberg

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 25 – Mortgagor vs Mortgagee

Legal English for Notaries - By Federnotizie

Mortgagor vs. mortgagee

Transcript:

Hello!

In Legal English you will come across many nouns that have the same roots but are two opposites. The first one will end with the suffix “-er” or “-or”, while the second will end with the suffix “-ee”.. Continua a leggere

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 25 – Mortgagor vs Mortgagee ultima modifica: 2022-02-09T08:30:18+01:00 da Peter Liebenberg

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 24 – Fixed charges vs Floating charges

Legal English for Notaries - By Federnotizie

Fixed charges vs Floating charges

Transcript:

Hello!

Today we look at the difference between fixed charges and floating charges, but first of all we need to understand what a charge is. Continua a leggere

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 24 – Fixed charges vs Floating charges ultima modifica: 2022-01-26T08:30:44+01:00 da Peter Liebenberg

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 23 – Doctrine

Legal English for Notaries - By Federnotizie

Doctrine

Transcript:

Hello!
Please pay special attention when you come across the word “doctrine” in English because it may not mean what you think it does.

With reference to law, doctrine means a rule or a principal of law that has come into existence through the repeated application of legal precedents. This means that a doctrine comes into existence because numerous judges have applied a precedent many times over and now everyone knows that this is the way the law sees things, and this notion is now called a doctrine. There is no need to have statutory law on the matter because a precedent and doctrine already exist. Continua a leggere

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 23 – Doctrine ultima modifica: 2022-01-12T08:30:00+01:00 da Peter Liebenberg

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 21 – Sign vs Execute

Legal English for Notaries - By Federnotizie

Sign vs execute

Transcript:

Hello!

Today we look at the difference between sign and execute. Continua a leggere

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 21 – Sign vs Execute ultima modifica: 2021-12-08T08:30:10+01:00 da Peter Liebenberg

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 20 – The closing statement

Legal English for Notaries - By Federnotizie

The closing statement

Transcript:

Hello! Today we speak about closing statements in the USA which are also known as settlement statements or settlement sheets.

Closing statements are used in real estate transactions to show which costs will be paid by the buyer, and which will be paid by the seller and they are required by law under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act of 1974. Continua a leggere

Legal English – Peter’s Pills – Lesson 20 – The closing statement ultima modifica: 2021-11-24T08:30:11+01:00 da Peter Liebenberg