Collocations: Violate, breach, break, disobey and infringe
Hello! Today we look at some useful collocations for Legal English.
Collocation is a set of generally two, but sometimes three words used together to sound natural and correct in English. If you don’t use the right words together your English will sound incorrect and wrong.
For example, “merry” collocates with “Christmas”, so we say “Merry Christmas”, but “merry” does not collocate with “new year”, so if you say “Merry New Year” it sounds wrong and very unnatural. In fact, we say “Happy New Year”. For the same reason we say “fast food”, and not “quick food”, but we say a “quick shower” and not a “fast shower”. It is not enough, to just learn words, but you should try to learn words that collocate together.
Good examples of collocation in Legal English are verbs like “Violate”, “breach”, “break”, “disobey”, and “infringe”, which are synonyms, and fundamentally all mean the same thing, but which collocate with different nouns.
Here are the most common collocations of these words:
breach a contract
breach/break someone’s trust
break/disobey/violate the law
break/breach someone’s trust
break a treaty
break/disobey/infringe a rule
break speed limits
disobey/break/infringe/ a rule
disobey/break an order
disobey a command
disobey a court order
disobey/break/violate the law
infringe a right
infringe a trademark
infringe a patent
infringe/break/disobey a rule
violate/break/disobey the law
violate human rights
Thank you very much and see you next time for more Peter’s Pills to improve your Legal English!
How good is your general English collocation? Try some exercises here:
- Speak Speak – Intermediate vocabulary exercise: collocations
- English Practise – Collocations exercise
- Business English Resources – Advanced Collocations Exercises
Legal English – Sommario delle Lezioni
Peter Liebenberg è uno specialista nella formazione delle persone nella conoscenza della lingua inglese. Ha creato molti corsi nel campo dell’inglese per professionisti, tra cui English for banking, English for business e English for Insurance, ma ha sempre avuto un debole per l’inglese legale. Altri corsi che ha creato comprendono Phrasal Verbs I e II. Quando Peter non fa formazione, corre a Parco Sempione, crea arte nel suo studio sulla Martesana e fa volontariato.